The money canâ€™t come soon enough. According to statistics by the Association of State Dam Safety Officials (ASDSO), more than ten thousand dams across America could become killers if they fail and 1,333 of those dams are considered unsafe.
Meanwhile, the American Society of Civil Engineers grades the nationâ€™s infrastructure on a regular basis. Dams have repeatedly received a D. The same group has given the nationâ€™s bridges a C.
â€œThis past summer in Minnesota we saw the horrors than can happen when infrastructure fails,â€ said Rebecca Wodder, President of American Rivers â„¢. â€œItâ€™s exciting to see the House take decisive action; itâ€™s time for the Senate to do the same.â€
Senators will soon get their chance to act. Companion legislation has been introduced by Senator Daniel Akaka (D-HI) and George Voinovich (R-OH). Both men have a large stake in the issue. In 2006, the Ka Loko Dam in Hawaii failed and killed 7 people. Meanwhile, Ohio is currently facing a crisis with its dams. According to the ASDSO, there are 170 high hazard, structurally deficient dams in the Buckeye State, only Pennsylvania has more.
â€œRepresentative Salazar has shown tremendous leadership on this issue,â€ added Wodder. â€œThe problem of dangerous dams is one that faces every single American, and we urge the Senate follow the lead of the House by tackling the problem of dangerous dams head on.â€
The raw numbers facing us are alarming. According to the ASDSO:
There are more than 87,000 dams currently under state regulation
10,127 have been classified as high hazard, meaning they pose a serious threat to human life if they should fail
Of those high hazard dams, 1,333 have been identified as structurally deficient or unsafe
The average dam inspector in the U.S. is responsible for more than 400 dams. The ASDSO recommends that each inspector be responsible for fewer than 50 dams.
Even more disturbing, there is no accurate count for just how many dams there actually are in the United States. The National Inventory of Dams, maintained by Army Corps of Engineers, tracks about 80 thousand dams. And when state dam inventories are totaled, there are more than 100 thousand. But neither number is particularly reliable, since states have varying definitions of dams. In some states, such as Missouri, a 34-foot high structure isnâ€™t even considered a dam. Alabama doesnâ€™t even have a dam safety program and doesnâ€™t track the number of dams in the state.
Armed with such statistics, communities all across the country are finding that removing many of these dangerous structures is often the safest, most cost effective way of fixing the problem. Many dams in the America have outlived their usefulness, and about 10 percent have no known owner. Getting rid of these relics not only removes a hazard to the community, but can also provide natural flood protection by allowing the river to flow freely.
Dam removal restores a free flowing river, and enables numerous economic and recreational opportunities. It also helps release dam owners from daunting legal and financial responsibilities. Dam owners are liable for damages to properties if their dam fails. They can also be sued for injuries or fatalities caused by the mere existence of their dam, such as a paddler going over the dam and drowning in the deadly recirculating current.
â€œNot only do many dams pose a threat to life and property, but a dam failure could literally bankrupt its owner,â€ said Wodder. â€œCommon sense says these albatrosses should be removed so our communities can be physically and financially safer and healthier places to live.â€
American Rivers experts are available for interview, either via satellite for television, or via telephone for radio, online, and print. Please contact Press Secretary Garrett Russo at (202) 423-9494 to schedule an interview
American Rivers is the only national organization standing up for healthy rivers so our communities can thrive. Through national advocacy, innovative solutions and our growing network of strategic partners, we protect and promote our rivers as valuable community assets that are vital to our health, safety and quality of life. Founded in 1973, American Rivers has more than 65,000 members and online supporters nationwide, with offices in Washington, DC and the Mid-Atlantic, Northeast, Midwest, Southeast, California and Northwest regions. www.AmericanRivers.org